Srijan R. Shetty bio photo

Srijan R. Shetty

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Call me old school but I still use gulp, because it’s easy to comprehend over the monster webpack is. I can write a gulpfile.js from scratch and modify it using streams but I wouldn’t remember how to start a webpack project without create-app-starter.

Also, I lied, you can’t do this without module loaders, but you can almost do it without them. Confused? So was I, the idea is to use the module loader to do the minimum amount of work and not disrupt your workflow by a lot!

My current predicament has been my own doing, and this is probably the universe sending me a signal

My project consisted of a single js/booking.js file which I wanted to port over to typescript which I love. I was foolish to think that this would take me an hour or two, I was not ready for the Pandora’s box that I was about to open.

Prima Facie, my assumption was that npm i -D typescript gulp-typescript and a simple recipe to transform should do the job. It wasn’t that simple and boiled down to multiple reasons:

  1. You cannot use typescript without a module loader. Battered and bruised, I finally resorted to using SystemJS because amd does not support top-level await. You have to add module: “system” in tsconfig for this to work.
  2. You need to use the outFile option in tsconfig.json for it to generate a standalone file.
  3. Only SystemJS does not cut it and you need to import /extras/named-register.min.js because gulp-typescript creates a named module.
  4. You have to import the created module in your index.html using System.import('booking.js').
  5. Do not use import Vue from 'vue' syntax, instead use import type Vue from 'vue'. This will save you a whole lot of pain in trying to resolve dependencies in your files. After this, you can use a bare script tag to import Vue as a global in the browser.

I’m listing down the main components of all the files for your reference.


const ts = require('gulp-typescript');
const tsconfig = require('./tsconfig.json');

function js() {
  return gulp
      outFile: 'booking.js',


  "compilerOptions": {
    "moduleResolution": "node",
    "target": "es2017",

    "sourceMap": true,
    "module": "system",
    "removeComments": true,
    "esModuleInterop": true,

    "strict": true,
    "allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
    "experimentalDecorators": true,
    "noUnusedLocals": true,
    "noUnusedParameters": true,
    "noImplicitReturns": true,
    "noFallthroughCasesInSwitch": true,
    "forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": true,

    "typeRoots": [


<script src="path-to-vue"></script>
<script src="path-to-systemjs"></script>
<script src="path-to-systemjs-named-register"></script>
<script src="path-to-generated-booking.js"></script>

Hope this helps saves a few hours of desperate wuts.